Kist Hidatiklerin Akut İntraperitoneal Rüptürü

Acute Intraperitoneal Rupture of Hydatid Cysts

Hayrullah Derici, Tuğrul Tansuğ, Enver Reyhan, Ali Doğan Bozdağ, and Okay Nazlı

Third Surgical Clinic of Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey

Journal

World Journal of Surgery

Publisher Springer New York

ISSN 0364-2313 (Print) 1432-2323 (Online)

Subject Medicine

Issue Volume 30, Number 10 / October, 2006

DOI 10.1007/s00268-005-0699-0

Pages 1879-1883

Abstract

Background: Rupture into the abdominal cavity is a rare but serious complication of hydatid disease. The cysts may be ruptured after a trauma, or spontaneously as a result of increased intracystic pressure. Rupture of the hydatid cyst requires emergency surgical intervention.

Methods: Seventeen patients received surgical treatment for intraperitoneal rupture of the cysts over a period of 18 years. Age, gender, time to surgery from the onset of the symptoms, laboratory findings, diagnostic procedures, surgical treatment modalities, in-hospital stay, morbidity, mortality and recurrence were evaluated retrospectively.

Results: Five cases (29.4%) had a history of blunt abdominal trauma. Ultrasonography scans revealed intra-abdominal fluid in all cases. Intraperitoneal multiple cysts with heterogeneous cavity or cystic structures in the liver were shown in 14 cases. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple cystic lesions in the liver and peritoneum with intra-abdominal free fluid. Procedures to fill the cystic cavities were applied after removal of the intraperitoneal fluid. Four patients (23.5%) died in the early postoperative period. A total of nine morbidities developed in six patients (35.3%). Median hospital stay was 18 days and median follow-up was 78 months. Intra-abdominal recurrence occurred in one case (7.7%).

Conclusions: Rupture of hydatid cysts into the peritoneal cavity, although rare, presents a challenge for surgeons. This pathology should be included in the differential diagnosis of acute abdomen in endemic areas. Computed tomography scan, in addition to clinical presentation, is essential for diagnosis. Emergency surgery is the main treatment for acute ruptured hydatid cysts. The morbidity and mortality rates of surgical interventions for ruptured hydatid cysts are higher than the rates for elective uncomplicated cases.

Duyurular
Bu sayfalarda Dr. Turhan Tansuğ’un radyoloji arşivindeki çeşitli patolojilere ait konvansiyonel radyolojik görüntülerden örneklere yer verilecektir.
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